The Mobinol Fuel Company's Institute for Research, Development, and Commercialization works to support the Green Energy Farmers Cooperative, a 501(c)(3) non-profit whose mission is to pursue biomass utilization-www.GEFCusa.org
The MobinolFuel Institute has conducted research to convert biomass to lignin and densified cellulose on the farm or near the growing field. The Alkcell Process uses materials and methods that can be implemented at or near crop fields. Work from three sets of experiments have been published and are cited below. Initial pilot scale work has shown that the Alkcell Process can be operated safely and effectively on a large scale. The Lignoil Process is the conversion of lignin from biomass into chemicals including cosmetics and liquid fuel to replace petroleum. Very pure lignin can be produced on the farm and other lignin can also be utilized.
Savarese, J. "Local biomass processing is practical for facilitating fermentation to bioethanol." J. Tech. Innov. Renew. Energy 2.3 (2013): 239-245.
Local processing of biomass prior to fermentation at another site has advantages in transportation savings and in fermentation facility operation. To evaluate the feasibility of treating biomass locally to produce fermentation ready glucose an alkali-cellulase process (Alkcell Process) was evaluated at laboratory scale with
5 g of three types of biomass. Scale-up of this alkali-cellulase process for local application appears feasible given the materials and conditions evaluated in this study. Local treatment of biomass using the alkali-cellulase process to produce glucose to be transported to existing grain fermenting facilities is a novel approach based on reliable technology and has been demonstrated at laboratory scale.
Savarese, John J. "Optimizing Alkali-cellulase Processing of Biomass into Glucose." BioResources 8.4 (2013): 5005-5013.
Alkali-cellulase biomass processing (Alkcell Process) near growing sites to produce glucose has already been demonstrated at laboratory scale. Glucose can be fermented locally or transported to distant facilities to produce bioethanol as fuel. This renewable energy process uses materials and methods that are readily available and can be implemented at local or regional sites near growing fields. This study provides new conditions that enhance the practicality of alkali-cellulase processing of biomass by reducing the processing time to ten hours.
Savarese, John J. "Continuous Alkali-Cellulase Processing of Corn Stover to Glucose for Bioethanol." BioResources 8.4 (2013): 6173-6183.
Preprocessing of biomass at or near the growing site has considerable advantages over transportation to distant fermentation refineries equipped to process cellulosic material. Local treatment converting biomass to glucose reduces transportation cost. The glucose product can be used at existing fermentation facilities without the need for further processing. The alkali-cellulase process (Alkcell Process) converts biomass to glucose using inexpensive and technically simple materials and methods that can be implemented at or near a growing site. This study has shown that the Alkcell Process can be configured to run continuously. . The local operation can be done at farms or near regional centers prior to transporting to distant existing conventional fermentation facilities.
JOIN THE GREEN ENERGY FARMERS COOPERATIVE to promote biomass use. There are no fees or obligations to be a memeber of this non-profit. Receive free guidance on growing and using biomass. Contact John J. Savarese, PhD, MD at the Mobinol Fuel Co., LLC by email or phone for more information: savaresephdmd@MobinoLFuel.com; 484-432-9007 or farmer Frank McDonnell: email@example.com.
Thanks to the NREL for photographs
Town and Country:
Is Switchgrass the Biofuel Source of the Future?
Written by Sergei Blair Correspondent
Penn State Extention hosts 'green energy' day in Upper Hanover
Frank McDonnell, whose farm was used as venue for the event, said he began growing switchgrass nine years ago after reading about its many uses. Today, he has the largest switchgrass farm of its kind in the county. McDonnell demonstrated in his barn the entire process of harvesting a biomass crop and converting it into biofuel. He said switchgrass gained its popularity because it was found to be high in lignin, which is mostly carbon. The 78-year-old farmer said he grinds 20 lbs. of switchgrass then cooks the contents in a large pot for six hours before it can turn into black liquor. About 15 gallons of liquor is created as result. He then treats the substance with muriatic acid to extract between 12-15 lbs. of lignin.
With the help of John J. Savarese, a chemist who runs Mobinol Fuel Co. in Collegeville, the lignin is then formulated with several compounds and eventually turns into semi-refined fuel. McDonnell said he gets about 10 gallons of biofuel at the end of the process.
Members from the Montgomery County Farm Bureau and State Representative Marcy Toepel (R-147th District) were at hand at the event to meet farmers and offer information."I have a very strong appreciation for the value of the farming community and the work that they do in Pennsylvania," Toepel said.
Farmer McDonnell center and scientist Savarese right at Penn State Farm Energy Day at the McDonnell Farm.